• AWB (Air Waybill) –  equivalent to the term 'Air Consignment Note', means the document entitled 'Air Waybill/Air Consignment Note' made out by or on behalf of the shipper which evidences the contract between the shipper and airline for carriage of cargo over the routes of the airline
  • Agent – an agent appointed by an airline to solicit and process international air freight for shipment.
  • Bank Shipment – the shipment where the consignee is identified as a bank and the real consignee is mentioned under “notify party”; the carrier cannot release the cargo to real consignee until a written approval is received from the bank
  • Bonded Area – secured facility supervised by customs authorities, where dutiable landed imports are stored pending their re-export, or release on assessment and payment of import duties, taxes and other charges
  • Booking – customer's concluded arrangement with an air cargo agent representing a completed sale.
  • Break Bulk Agent – the air cargo agent that deconsolidate a consolidated shipment into individual shipments
  • Cargo / Freight – which is equivalent to the terms 'Goods', means anything carried or to becarried in an aircraft, other than mail or baggage
  • Carriage - equivalent to the term 'Transportation', means the carriage of cargo by air or any other means of transport including road, gratuitously or for reward. "International Carriage Other Than That Defined By The Convention" means any carriage which is not international carriage as defined either by the Warsaw Convention, by the Warsaw Convention as amended at The Hague, 1955, or by the Montreal Convention but in which, according to the agreement made by the parties, the place of departure and the place of landing are situated in more than one country.
  • Cargo Ground Handling Agent – appointed agent that handles the cargo in the name of the airline
  • Chargeable Weight – the chargeable weight is the highest weight calculated between the actual weight and the volumetric weight. (Lxlxh [cm] / 6000).
  • Commodity – consignment’s content (e.g. computer parts).
  • Shipper – equivalent to the term 'Consignor', means the person whose name appears on the Air Waybill as the party contracting with airline for carriage of cargo.
  • Consignee – the person whose name appears on the Air Waybill as party to whom the consignment is to be delivered by the airline.
  • Consolidation – combining several smaller shipments into a large shipment to avail of better freight rates. Each individual shipment is carried under a House Air Waybill (HAWB) issued by a cargo agent
  • Consolidator – the air cargo agent that consolidates individual air shipments
  • Customs Broker – person who is licensed by the local customs and acts as a professional-agent for an importer or exporter, prepares and submits all documents for clearing goods through customs
  • Customs Formalities – customs procedures carried out by the customs broker for the importer / exporter of the goods
  • Damage – harm or injury of the cargo resulting in impairment or loss of function, usefulness, or value
  • Damage Report – a form filled by the handling agent when the cargo is damaged
  • Dangerous Goods / Special Cargo – articles or materials capable of posing significant risk to people, health, property, or environment when transported in quantity.
  • Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) – reglementari ce cuprind o lista a tuturor bunurilor periculoase si care impun conditii detaliate in ceea ce priveste ambalarea si manipularea acestor bunuri.
  • Delivery Receipt - a document that is typically signed by the receiver of a shipment to indicate that they have in fact received the item being shipped and have taken possession of it.
  • Origin – the origin point of the carriage mentioned in the Air Waybill
  • Destination – the ending point of the carriage mentioned in the Air Waybill
  • Dimensions (DIMS) – the length, width and height measured in centimeters and used for calculating the freight charges and general information
  • Flight Number – the flight identification number.
  • Freight Forwarder – a company specialized in arranging storage and shipping of merchandise on behalf of its shippers, which usually provides a full range of services including: tracking inland transportation, preparation of shipping and export documents, warehousing, booking cargo space, negotiating freight charges, freight consolidation, cargo insurance, and filing of insurance claims.
  • Freighter – an aircraft designed or converted for the carriage of cargo.
  • General Cargo – cargo that is not classified as a special cargo (like dangerous goods, valuable, fresh, postal consignments etc)
  • Gross Weight – the gross weight of the goods, including all the packing materials
  • Handling – the action of handling the cargo
  • House Air Waybill (HAWB) – an Air Waybill issued by a consolidator which contains instructions addressed to a breakbulk agent. It is always accompanied by a Master Waybill (MAWB)
  • Master Air Waybill (MAWB) – AWB issued by a cargo agent to a breakbulk agent for consolidated cargo.
  • IATA – abbreviation for International Air Transport Association, organization that issues rules and regulation to be followed in air freight.
  • Letter of Credit (L/C) – a written commitment to pay, by a buyer's or importer's bank (called the issuing bank) to the seller's or exporter's bank (called the accepting bank, negotiating bank, or paying bank). A letter of credit guarantees payment of a specified sum in a specified currency, provided the seller meets precisely-defined conditions and submits the prescribed documents within a fixed timeframe.
  • Live Animal Regulations (LAR) – the IATA Live Animals Regulations (LAR) is the essential standard to ship animals in a safe, and cost-effective manner.
  • Cargo Manifest – a document that lists the goods carried in a means of transport or in a transport-unit (aircraft)
  • Part (Partial) Shipment – a shipment of only some of the goods that were ordered; part delivery.
  • Rate – the amount per unit established by the air cargo agent for the purpose of  computing freight charges
  • Rerouting – a new route choosed by the airline to carry the goods, other than the one specified in the Air Waybill (AWB)
  • Road Feeder Service (RFS) – a truck that operates on regular routes or outside the regular routes of an aircraft
  • Routing – all the airports that are mentioned in the Air Waybill, from the origin airport to destination airport
  • Surcharges – additional fees related to air freight.
  • Unit Load Device (ULD) – pallet or container used for bulk air cargo.
  • Tare weight – the weight of ULD.
  • UN numbers – UN numbers or UN IDs are four-digit numbers that identify dangerous goods, hazardous substances and articles (such as explosives, flammable liquids, toxic substances, etc.) in the framework of international transport, assigned by the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods
  • Valuable cargo (VAL) – a consignment which contains one or more of the

following articles:

  1. Any article having a declared value for carriage of US $1,000.00(or its equivalent)

or more, per gross Kilogram;

  1. (1) Gold bullion (including refined and unrefined gold in ingot form), dore bullion,

 gold specie;

 (2) Gold only in the form of grain, sheet, foil, powder, sponge, wire, rod, tube,  circles, moldings and castings;

  1. (1) Platinum, platinum metals (palladium, iridium, ruthenium, osmium and rhodium);

(2) Platinum alloys in the form of grain, sponge, bar, ingot, sheet, rod, wire, gauze,

tube and strip; Provided that those radioactive isotopes of the above metals and alloys are dangerous goods.

  1. Legal banknotes, traveler's cheques, securities, shares, share coupons, postage stamp and revenue stamps (excluding mint stamps from the United Kingdom) and ready for use bank cards and/or credit cards;
  2. (1) Diamonds (including diamonds for industrial use), rubies, emeralds, sapphires,

opals and real pearls (including cultured pearls);

(2) Jewelry consisting of any of the articles under (1) above;

  1. Jewelry and watches made of platinum and/or gold and/or silver; and
  2. Articles made of platinum and/or gold, other than platinum and/or gold plated.
  • Volume – the volume of the cargo, measured in cubic meters
  • Weight Charge – the air freight charges based on the cargo’s actual weight.